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About Jordan

Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab country in Southwest Asia spanning the southern part of the Syrian Desert down to the Gulf of Aqaba. It shares borders with Syria to the north...     More


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About Jordan 

Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, is an Arab country in Southwest Asia spanning the southern part of the Syrian Desert down to the Gulf of Aqaba. It shares borders with Syria to the north, Iraq to the north-east, the West Bank and Israel to the west, and Saudi Arabia to the east and south. It shares control of the Dead Sea with Israel, and the coastline of the Gulf of Aqaba with Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt. Much of Jordan is covered by desert, particularly the Arabian Desert; however the north-western area, with the Jordan River, is regarded as part of the Fertile Crescent. The capital city of Amman is in the north-west and major cities include Irbid and Zarqa, both in the north, and Karak and Aqaba in the south.

Climate 

The climate in Jordan is semidry in summer with average temperature in the mid-30°C (mid-90°F) and relatively cold in winter averaging around the -1.3 °C (30 °F). The country's long summer reaches a peak during August. January is usually the coolest month. Except in the rift depression, frost is fairly common during the winter; it may take the form of snow at the higher elevations of the north western highlands. Usually it snows a couple of times in winter in western Amman.

Demographics

In a July 2008 census, the estimated population of Jordan was 6,198,677. In a previous national census conducted in July 2004, the estimated population was 5,611,202.

95-98 percent of Jordan's population are Arabs, the remaining non-Arabs of the population are mainly Circassians, Chechens, Armenians, Kurds and Gypsies, but have integrated into the Jordanian and Arab cultures in the country.

Religion

The population consists of 92 percent Sunni Muslims, 6 percent Christian (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), and 2 percent other (several small Shia Muslim and Druze populations).

Language

Arabic is the official language of Jordan. English is widely understood among most Jordanians and considered as a second language among the upper and middle classes. French is understood by some, especially graduates of the handful of French schools in Jordan. Armenian and other Caucasian languages such as Circassian and Chechen are understood and spoken by their respective communities residing in Jordan with minority schools teaching these languages, alongside Arabic and English.

Tourism

Tourism is a very important sector of the Jordanian economy, contributing between 10 percent and 12 percent to the country's Gross National Product in 2006. In addition to the country's political stability, the geography offered makes Jordan an attractive tourism destination. Jordan's major tourist attractions include numerous ancient places, its unique desert castles and unspoiled natural locations, in addition to its cultural and religious sites.